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Pine 10ml

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Pine 10ml

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€12.70
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Quick Overview

The ethereal oil of pine contains borneol. It can be used in the following occasions: Cold, flu, rheumatisms, cough and sinusitis.

Product Description

Habitat, description

Pines are coniferous trees in the genus Pinus in the family Pinaceae. Pines are native in temperate zones of northern Europe and America. They grow in sunny places, even in poor soils, and reach 20-40m tall. Pine species in Greece are Pinus Halepensis, Pinus Pinea, Pinus brutia, Pinus nigra, Pinus sylvestris, Pinus peuce and Pinus leucoderm. Pine is an evergreen tree with spreading crown and reddish bark. Needle leaves are deep green and 5-7cm long. Male flowers are yellow. Female flowers produce cones, which contain seeds. Some seeds are edible and are called pine nuts. Pine nuts are soft and slightly taste like resin. They are used in ice-cream, cakes, puddings etc. Grinded seeds can be added in soups to make them thick and aromatic. Over 20 pine species contain pine nuts.



Composition

All parts of pine tree contain essential oils. Leaves contain pinene, carene, limonene and bornyl acetate. Trunk and bark contain a balsamic resin called terebinthine. Young resinous branches contain essential oil with esters, phellandrene and pinene. Pine tree also produces various glycosides such as pinicrine, piceine and coniferoside. Pine nuts are rich in proteins and omega-3 fatty acids which show cardiovascular benefits. They also contain vitamins, fibers, folic acid, calcium, phosphor and iron and can be used as food supplement because of their high nutritional value. 100gr pine nuts contain 570 calories.



History

Pine trees have been used therapeutically since antiquity. Plutarch wrote that pine trees and coniferous trees in general were dedicated to Poseidon because their wood was ideal for ship construction. In ancient Greece Pinus Halepensis was dedicated to Rhea, daughter of Ouranos and Gaia and mother of all gods, because it was a symbol of the connection between sky and earth. In another Greek myth, Sinis, the so-called pine bender, was a strong man who would kill the travelers after tightening them on bend branches of pine trees. Theseus killed Sinis in the same way.

Pine nuts have been considered edible in Europe and Asia since the Paleolithic era. For ancient Greeks, Romans, American Indians, even for Siberians, pine nuts were an exquisite food. Ancient Greek and Romans knew its nutritional value and considered it a symbol of manliness and fertility. In the Middle Ages, a biscuit with pine was believed to achieve sexual potency.



Blossom, collection, parts used

Parts used are bark, young leaves (needles), resin and male inflorescences which are small and yellowish and then become brown. Needles and young buds are collected in the spring by cutting the fresh branches.



Properties

Pine is antiseptic, diuretic, expectorant, anticatarrhal, antioxidant and tonic. Some pine species produce proanthocyanidins (pycno-genols) which protect collagen from degradation. These can be used for bruises, varicose veins, various cell damage and fat deposits in arteries. Therefore, they can be used in cancer and heart diseases prevention. Fresh leaves and male flowers in boiled water can be inhaled for cough, bronchitis, sinusistis and catarrh. When used in baths, they are relaxing, calm the nerves, and benefit depression and skin conditions such as irritations and acne. Such baths can be effective for rheumatisms and arthritis as well. Pine tree essential oil is an antiseptic suitable for respiratory problems especially when combined with eucalyptus oil. It can be used in inhalations for congested nasal passages. Pine resin is a source of colophonium and turpentine, which are used in ointments and plasters for rheumatisms, pleurisy, sprains and bruises.

Pine nuts reduce appetite when consumed 20minutes before meals. They can be used in diet but in small quantities as they are rich in calories.



Dosage

For infusion, add a cup of boiling water onto half teaspoonful pine needles and leave it covered for 15minutes. Filter and drink up to three times per day. For inhalations, add 2-3 handfuls of needles in 2liters of water, boil and then simmer in low temperature for 5minutes.



Precautions

For inhalations or massages for muscular pains, dilute pine oil in an alkaline. Avoid direct contact with pine oil. Wash hands thoroughly after contact with essential oils. Pine products are not recommended for pregnant women, patients with kidney diseases and hepatitis.



*Sakis Kouvatsos, “Haniotika Nea”

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